Улас оронуудай жагсаалта

Сүлөөтэ Нэбтэрхы Толи — Википеэдиһээ
Перейти к навигации Перейти к поиску
A long row of flags
Женева дахи Үндэһэтэнүүдэй Ордоной үмэнэ НҮБ-ын гэшүүн ба гэшүүн бэшэ ЮА ажаглагша гүрэнүүдэй туг.

Доорохи жагсаалта нь бүхэдэлхэйн сувереннэ уласуудай статус, суверенитетые зүбшөөһэн талаар мэдээсэлые байлгаһан жагсаалта юм.

Жагсаалтада ороһон 206 уласые НҮБ-ын системээр гэшүүн байлгагаар гурбан категорида хубаажа болоно: 193 гэшүүн улас,[1] ЮА ажаглагша 2 улас, ба бусад 11 улас. Бүрин эрхэтэ байдалай арсалдаанай баганада арсалдаангүй бүрин эрхэтэ уласууд (188 улас), бүрин эрхын арсалдаантай уласууд (16 улас, 6 гэшүүн улас, 1 ЮА ажаглагша улас, ба бусад 9 улас байдаг), ба улас түрын тусхай статустай уласууд (2 улас) байдаг.

Гүрэн байлгын критериин улас оронуудай хамтын бүлгэмэй бүхэ гэшүүдтэ заабол дагажа мүрдэхэ тодорхойлолто байдаггүй тула иимэ жагсаалта гаргаха нь түбэгтэй ба зүршэлдөөнтэй ябаса байжа болохо юм. Энэ жагсаалтын агуулгые тодорхойлходо ашаглаһан критериудай талаар дэлгэрэнгы мэдээсэл абахын тулада доорохи оруулха критериие үзэгты.

Гүрэнүүдэй жагсаалта[заһабарилха | үндэһэн бэшэгые заһабарилха]

Юрэнхы ба албан нэрэнүүд НҮБ-ын системын гэшүүн байлга Суверенитедэй арсалдаан Суверенитедэй статус ба зүбшөөгдэһэн байдалай нэмэлтэ мэдээсэл
A AAA A AAA A AAA
ZZZНҮБ-ын гэшүүн уласууд ба Юрэнхи Ассамблейн ажаглагша уласууд A AAA ZZZ
ZZZАбхази → Абхазиин жагсаалтые харагты
Flag of Azerbaijan.svg Азербайджан – Бүгэдэ Найрамдаха Азербайджан Улас A НҮБ-ын гэшүүн улас A Үгы Азербайджанда, Нахчыван, гэдэг нэгэ автономито гүрэн байдаг Азербайджанай баруун-урда хэсэгтэ де-факто Арцах улас байгуулагдаба.
Афганистан A НҮБ-ын гэшүүн улас Үгы НҮБ мүнөөнэй байдалаар Flag of Afghanistan (2013–2021).svg Лалын Бүгэдэ Найрамдаха Афганистан Уласые, де-факто засагай газар Flag of Taliban.svg Лалын Эмиртэ Афганистан Уласай орондо, Афганистанай засагай газар гэжэ зүбшөөһэн.[2][3]
Flag of Albania.svg Албани – Бүгэдэ Найрамдаха Албани Улас A НҮБ-ын гэшүүн улас A Үгы
Flag of Algeria.svg Алжир – Бүгэдэ Найрамдаха Арадшалаһан Алжир Арад Улас A НҮБ-ын гэшүүн улас Үгы
Flag of Andorra.svg Андорро – Андоррын Гүнтэ Улас A НҮБ-ын гэшүүн улас A Үгы Андорродо түрын тэргүүнэй албаные Францын юрэнхылэгшэ ба, Арюун Шэрээнэй зүбшөөлээр томилогдодог, Римэй Католик шажанай Урхелиин хамба лам,[4] нара гүйсэдхэдэг хамтарһан засаглал юм.
Flag of Angola.svg Ангола – Бүгэдэ Найрамдаха Ангола Улас A НҮБ-ын гэшүүн улас A Үгы
Flag of Antigua and Barbuda.svg Антигуа ба Барбуда A НҮБ-ын гэшүүн улас A Үгы Антигуа ба Барбуда болбол, Барбуда гэдэг нэгэ автономито можотой Хамтын нүхэрлэлэй гүрэн юм.
Flag of Argentina.svg Аргентинэ – Бүгэдэ Найрамдаха Аргентинэ Улас A НҮБ-ын гэшүүн улас A Үгы Аргентинэ нь 23 можонууд ба нэгэ автономито хотоһоо бүридэдэг холбоо юм.
Flag of Armenia.svg Армени – Бүгэдэ Найрамдаха Армени Улас A НҮБ-ын гэшүүн улас Пакистан зүбшөөдэггүй. Армениие Арцахай арсалдаанһаа боложо Пакистан зүбшөөдэггүй.[5][6][7]
ZZZАрцах → Арцахай жагсаалтые харагты
Flag of Australia (converted).svg Австрали – Австралиин Хамтын Нүхэрлэл A НҮБ-ын гэшүүн улас A Үгы Австрали нь Хамтын нүхэрлэлэй гүрэн ба можо ба нютагуудай холбоо юм. Зургаан можо, гурбан дотоодын нютаг, зургаан гадаадын нютаг ба нэгэ мэдээсэгдэһэн Антарктикын гадаада нютагтай. Австралиин гадаада нютагууд нь:

Flag of Austria.svg Австри – Бүгэдэ Найрамдаха Австри Улас A НҮБ-ын гэшүүн улас A Үгы Европын Холбооной Гэшүүн. Австри нь юһэн можонуудай холбоон юм.
Flag of the Bahamas.svg Бахама – Бахамын Нүхэрлэл[8] A НҮБ-ын гэшүүн улас A Үгы Бахама нь Хамтын нүхэрлэлэй гүрэн юм.
Flag of Bahrain.svg Баһрэйн – Баһрэйнэй Хаанта Улас A НҮБ-ын гэшүүн улас A Үгы
Flag of Bangladesh.svg Бангладеш – Бүгэдэ Найрамдаха Бангладеш Арад Улас A НҮБ-ын гэшүүн улас A Үгы
Flag of Barbados.svg Барбадос A НҮБ-ын гэшүүн улас A Үгы
Flag of Belarus.svg Беларусь – Бүгэдэ Найрамдаха Беларусь Улас A НҮБ-ын гэшүүн улас A Үгы
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Бельги – Бельгиин Хаанта Улас A НҮБ-ын гэшүүн улас A Үгы ЕХ-ой Гэшүүн. Бельги нь гурбан хэлэнэй бүлгэм ба гурбан бүһэһээ бүридэдэг холбоон юм.
Flag of Belize.svg Белиз A НҮБ-ын гэшүүн улас A Үгы Белиз нь Хамтын нүхэрлэлэй гүрэн юм.
Flag of Benin.svg Бенин – Бүгэдэ Найрамдаха Бенин Улас AA НҮБ-ын гэшүүн улас A Үгы
Flag of Bhutan.svg Бутан – Бутанай Хаанта Улас A НҮБ-ын гэшүүн улас A Үгы
Flag of Bolivia.svg Боливи – Боливиин Олон Үндэһэтэнэй Улас A НҮБ-ын гэшүүн улас A Үгы
Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina.svg Босни ба Герцеговина A НҮБ-ын гэшүүн улас A Үгы Босни ба Герцеговина нь хоёр субъектһээ бүридэдэг:

ба Брчко Дүүргэ, өөрын захиргаантай административна дүүргэ.[9]

Flag of Botswana.svg Ботсвана – Бүгэдэ Найрамдаха Ботсвана Улас A НҮБ-ын гэшүүн улас A Үгы
Flag of Brazil.svg Бразил – Холбооной Бүгэдэ Найрамдаха Бразил Улас A НҮБ-ын гэшүүн улас A Үгы Бразил нь 26 можонууд ба нэгэ холбооной дүүргэһээ бүридэдэг холбоон юм.
Flag of Brunei.svg Брүнэй – Брүнэй Гүрэн, Эб Найрамдалай Байра A НҮБ-ын гэшүүн улас A Үгы
Flag of Bulgaria.svg Болгари – Бүгэдэ Найрамдаха Болгари Улас A НҮБ-ын гэшүүн улас A Үгы ЕХ-ой Гэшүүн улас.
Flag of Burkina Faso.svg Буркино-Фасо A НҮБ-ын гэшүүн улас A Үгы
ZZZБирма → Мьянмагай жагсаалтые харагты
Flag of Burundi.svg Бурунди – Бүгэдэ Найрамдаха Бурунди Улас A НҮБ-ын гэшүүн улас A Үгы
Flag of Cambodia.svg Кампучи – Кампучиин Хаанта Улас A НҮБ-ын гэшүүн улас A Үгы
Flag of Cameroon.svg Камерун – Бүгэдэ Найрамдаха Камерун Улас A НҮБ-ын гэшүүн улас A Үгы
Flag of Canada.svg Канада A НҮБ-ын гэшүүн улас A Үгы Канада нь Хамтын нүхэрлэлэй гүрэн ба арбан можонууд ба гурбан нютагһаа холбоон юм.
Flag of Cape Verde.svg Кабо-Верде – Бүгэдэ Найрамдаха Кабо-Верде Улас A НҮБ-ын гэшүүн улас A Үгы
Flag of the Central African Republic.svg Түб Африкын Бүгэдэ Найрамдаха Улас A НҮБ-ын гэшүүн улас A Үгы
Flag of Chad.svg Чад – Бүгэдэ Найрамдаха Чад Улас A НҮБ-ын гэшүүн улас A Үгы
Flag of Chile.svg Чили – Бүгэдэ Найрамдаха Чили Улас A НҮБ-ын гэшүүн улас AA Үгы [lower-alpha 1]
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Хитад – Бүгэдэ Найрамдаха Хитад Арад Улас A НҮБ-ын гэшүүн улас Зариманиинь зүбшөөгдэгүй. Бүгэдэ Найрамдаха Хитад Улас мэдээсэһэн Хитад табан автономито оронһоо бүридэдэг, Гуанси, Үбэр Монгол, Нинся, Түбэд, ба Синьцзян. Тэрээнһээ гадна, энэнь онсогой захиргаата орондо суверенитеттэй:

Хитад улас, бүхы Хитадые өөрын нютаг дэбисхэр гэжэ үзэдэг арсалдагша засаг захиргаа (Бүгэдэ Найрамдаха Хитад Улас) ударидадаг Тайваниие абахые үнгэлзэжэ байгаа, болобошье хинадаггүй.

Хитадые 14 НҮБ-ын гэшүүн улас ба Ватикан зүбшөөхэгүй, ба, Бутанһаа бусадиинь, бүгэдэ Бүгэдэ Найрамдаха Хитад Уласые (Тайвань) зүбшөөдэг.

Хитад улас, Бүгэдэ Найрамдаха → Тайваниин жагсаалтые харагты
Flag of Colombia.svg Колумби – Бүгэдэ Найрамдаха Колумби Улас A НҮБ-ын гэшүүн улас A Үгы
Flag of the Comoros.svg Коморой аралнууд – Коморой Холбоон A НҮБ-ын гэшүүн улас A Үгы Комор нь гурбан аралай холбоон юм.
Flag of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.svg Бүгэдэ Найрамдаха Арадшалһан Конго Улас A НҮБ-ын гэшүүн улас A Үгы
Flag of the Republic of the Congo.svg Бүгэдэ Найрамдаха Конго Улас A НҮБ-ын гэшүүн улас A Үгы
ZZZКукай аралнууд → Кукай аралнуудай жагсаалтые харагты
Flag of Costa Rica.svg Коста-Рика – Бүгэдэ Найрамдаха Коста-Рика Улас A НҮБ-ын гэшүүн улас A Үгы
Flag of Croatia.svg Хорвати – Бүгэдэ Найрамдаха Хорвати Улас A НҮБ-ын гэшүүн улас A Үгы ЕХ-ой Гэшүүн улас.
Flag of Cuba.svg Куба – Бүгэдэ Найрамдаха Куба Улас A НҮБ-ын гэшүүн улас A Үгы
Flag of Cyprus.svg Кипр – Бүгэдэ Найрамдаха Кипр Улас A НҮБ-ын гэшүүн улас Түрэг зүбшөөгдэгүй[10] ЕХ-ой Гэшүүн улас. Аралай зүү-хойто хэсэг нь де-факто Хойто Кипр гүрэн юм.

Кипрын арсалдаанай уламһаа Түрэг улас Кипрые зүбшөөдэггүй, ба Түрэг Хойто Кипрые зүбшөөдэг.

Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Бүгэдэ Найрамдаха Чехи Улас[lower-alpha 2] A НҮБ-ын гэшүүн улас A Үгы ЕХ-ой Гэшүүн улас.
ZZZБүгэдэ Найрамдаха Арадшалһан Солонгос Арадай Улас Солонгос, Хойто жагсаалтые харагты
Дани Дани – Даниин Хаанта Улас A НҮБ-ын гэшүүн улас A Үгы Member of the EU.[lower-alpha 3] The Kingdom of Denmark includes 2 self-governing territories:

The metropolitan territory of Denmark, the Faroe Islands and Greenland form the three constituent countries of the Kingdom.[lower-alpha 4] The Kingdom of Denmark as a whole is a member of the EU, but EU law does not apply to the Faroe Islands and Greenland.[11][12]

Загбар:Country data Djibouti – Republic of Djibouti A UN member state A None
Загбар:Country data Dominica – Commonwealth of Dominica A UN member state A None
Flag of the Dominican Republic.svg Dominican Republic A UN member state A None
Flag of East Timor.svg East Timor – Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste[lower-alpha 5] A UN member state A None
Flag of Ecuador.svg Ecuador – Republic of Ecuador A UN member state A None
Flag of Egypt.svg Egypt – Arab Republic of Egypt A UN member state A None
Flag of El Salvador.svg El Salvador – Republic of El Salvador A UN member state A None
Flag of Equatorial Guinea.svg Equatorial Guinea – Republic of Equatorial Guinea A UN member state A None
Загбар:Country data Eritrea – State of Eritrea A UN member state A None
Flag of Estonia.svg Estonia – Republic of Estonia A UN member state A None Member of the EU.[lower-alpha 3]
Flag of Eswatini.svg Eswatini – Kingdom of Eswatini[lower-alpha 6] A UN member state A None
Загбар:Country data Ethiopia – Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia A UN member state A None Ethiopia is a federation of nine regions and two chartered cities.
Загбар:Country data Fiji – Republic of Fiji A UN member state A None Fiji contains one autonomous region, Rotuma.[lower-alpha 7][13][14]
Flag of Finland.svg Finland – Republic of Finland A UN member state A None Member of the EU.[lower-alpha 3]
Flag of France.svg France – French Republic A UN member state A None Member of the EU.[lower-alpha 3] France contains five overseas regions/departments; French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Martinique, Mayotte, and Réunion. France also includes the overseas territories of:
Загбар:Country data Gabon – Gabonese Republic A UN member state A None
Загбар:Country data Gambia, The – Republic of The Gambia[15] A UN member state A None
Flag of Georgia.svg Georgia A UN member state A None Georgia contains two autonomous republics, Adjara and Abkhazia.[lower-alpha 7] In Abkhazia and South Ossetia, de facto states have been formed.
Flag of Germany.svg Germany – Federal Republic of Germany A UN member state A None Member of the EU.[lower-alpha 3] Germany is a federation of 16 states.
Flag of Ghana.svg Ghana – Republic of Ghana A UN member state A None
Flag of Greece.svg Greece – Hellenic Republic A UN member state A None Member of the EU.[lower-alpha 3] Greece contains one autonomous area, Mount Athos.[16]
Загбар:Country data Grenada A UN member state A None Grenada is a Commonwealth realm.[lower-alpha 10]
Загбар:Country data Guatemala – Republic of Guatemala A UN member state A None
Загбар:Country data Guinea – Republic of Guinea[lower-alpha 11] A UN member state A None
Flag of Guinea-Bissau.svg Guinea-Bissau – Republic of Guinea-Bissau A UN member state A None
Загбар:Country data Guyana – Co-operative Republic of Guyana A UN member state A None
Загбар:Country data Haiti – Republic of Haiti A UN member state A None
ZZZHoly See → See Vatican City listing
Flag of Honduras.svg Honduras – Republic of Honduras A UN member state A None
Flag of Hungary.svg Hungary A UN member state A None Member of the EU.[lower-alpha 3]
Flag of Iceland.svg Iceland[lower-alpha 12] A UN member state A None
Flag of India.svg India – Republic of India A UN member state A None India is a federation of 28 states and eight union territories.
Flag of Indonesia.svg Indonesia – Republic of Indonesia A UN member state A None Indonesia has five autonomous provinces, Aceh, Jakarta, Papua, West Papua, and Yogyakarta.[lower-alpha 7]
Flag of Iran.svg Iran – Islamic Republic of Iran A UN member state A None
Flag of Iraq.svg Iraq – Republic of Iraq A UN member state A None Iraq is a federation[lower-alpha 13][20] of 19 governorates, four of which make up the autonomous Kurdistan Region.[lower-alpha 7]
Flag of Ireland.svg Ireland[lower-alpha 14] A UN member state A None Member of the EU.[lower-alpha 3]
Flag of Israel.svg Israel – State of Israel A UN member state Partially unrecognised Israel exerts strong control over the territory claimed by Palestine. It has annexed East Jerusalem,[22] an act not recognised by the international community.[23] Israel has varying levels of control over the rest of the West Bank, and although it ended its permanent civilian or military presence in the Gaza Strip, it is still considered to be the occupying power under international law.[24][25][26][27] Israel is not recognised as a state by 28 UN members and the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic. The Palestine Liberation Organization, recognised by a majority of UN member states as the representative of the Palestinian people, recognised in Israel in 1993.
Flag of Italy.svg Italy – Italian Republic A UN member state A None Member of the EU.[lower-alpha 3] Italy has 5 autonomous regions, Aosta Valley, Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Sardinia, Sicily and Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol.[lower-alpha 7]
Загбар:Country data Ivory Coast – Republic of Côte d'Ivoire[lower-alpha 15] A UN member state A None
Загбар:Country data Jamaica A UN member state A None Jamaica is a Commonwealth realm.[lower-alpha 10]
Flag of Japan.svg Japan A UN member state A None
Flag of Jordan.svg Jordan – Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan A UN member state A None
Flag of Kazakhstan.svg Kazakhstan – Republic of Kazakhstan A UN member state A None
Flag of Kenya.svg Kenya – Republic of Kenya A UN member state A None
Загбар:Country data Kiribati – Republic of Kiribati A UN member state A None
Загбар:Country data Korea, North – Democratic People's Republic of Korea A UN member state Загбар:Claimedby North Korea is not recognised by three UN members, France, Japan, and South Korea, the last of which claims to be the sole legitimate government of Korea.[28]
Загбар:Country data Korea, South – Republic of Korea A UN member state Загбар:Claimedby South Korea has one autonomous region, Jejudo.[lower-alpha 7][29] South Korea is not recognised by North Korea, which claims to be the sole legitimate government of Korea.
ZZZKosovo → See Kosovo listing
Flag of Kuwait.svg Kuwait – State of Kuwait A UN member state A None
Flag of Kyrgyzstan.svg Kyrgyzstan – Kyrgyz Republic A UN member state A None
Flag of Laos.svg Laos – Lao People's Democratic Republic A UN member state A None
Flag of Latvia.svg Latvia – Republic of Latvia A UN member state A None Member of the EU.[lower-alpha 3]
Flag of Lebanon.svg Lebanon – Lebanese Republic A UN member state A None
Загбар:Country data Lesotho – Kingdom of Lesotho A UN member state A None
Flag of Liberia.svg Liberia – Republic of Liberia A UN member state A None
Загбар:Country data Libya – State of Libya A UN member state A None
Flag of Liechtenstein.svg Liechtenstein – Principality of Liechtenstein A UN member state A None
Flag of Lithuania.svg Lithuania – Republic of Lithuania A UN member state A None Member of the EU.[lower-alpha 3]
Flag of Luxembourg.svg Luxembourg – Grand Duchy of Luxembourg A UN member state A None Member of the EU.[lower-alpha 3]
ZZZMacedonia → See North Macedonia listing
Загбар:Country data Madagascar – Republic of Madagascar A UN member state A None
Загбар:Country data Malawi – Republic of Malawi A UN member state A None
Flag of Malaysia.svg Malaysia A UN member state A None Malaysia is a federation of 13 states and three federal territories.
Flag of Maldives.svg Maldives – Republic of Maldives A UN member state A None
Загбар:Country data Mali – Republic of Mali A UN member state A None
Flag of Malta.svg Malta – Republic of Malta A UN member state A None Member of the EU.[lower-alpha 3]
Загбар:Country data Marshall Islands – Republic of the Marshall Islands A UN member state A None Under Compact of Free Association with the United States.
Загбар:Country data Mauritania – Islamic Republic of Mauritania A UN member state A None
Загбар:Country data Mauritius – Republic of Mauritius A UN member state A None Mauritius has an autonomous island, Rodrigues.[lower-alpha 7]
Flag of Mexico.svg Mexico – United Mexican States A UN member state A None Mexico is a federation of 31 states and one autonomous city. The Rebel Zapatista Autonomous Municipalities have de facto autonomy.
Загбар:Country data Micronesia – Federated States of Micronesia A UN member state A None Under Compact of Free Association with the United States. The Federated States of Micronesia is a federation of four states.
Flag of Moldova.svg Moldova – Republic of Moldova A UN member state A None Moldova has the autonomous regions of Gagauzia and the Left Bank of the Dniester. The latter and a city, Bender (Tighina), is under the de facto control of Transnistria.
Flag of Monaco.svg Monaco – Principality of Monaco A UN member state A None
Загбар:Country data Mongolia A UN member state A None
Flag of Montenegro.svg Montenegro A UN member state A None
Flag of Morocco.svg Morocco – Kingdom of Morocco A UN member state A None Part of the Moroccan-claimed Western Sahara is controlled by the partially recognised Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic.
Flag of Mozambique.svg Mozambique – Republic of Mozambique A UN member state A None
Загбар:Country data Myanmar – Republic of the Union of Myanmar[lower-alpha 16] A UN member state A None Wa State is a de facto autonomous state within Myanmar. The United Nations currently recognises the National Unity Government of Myanmar as the government of Myanmar instead of the de facto ruling government, the State Administration Council.[3]
ZZZNagorno-Karabakh → See Artsakh listing
Flag of Namibia.svg Namibia – Republic of Namibia A UN member state A None
Загбар:Country data Nauru – Republic of Nauru A UN member state A None
Flag of Nepal.svg Nepal – Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal A UN member state A None Nepal is a federation composed of 7 provinces.
Загбар:Country data Kingdom of the Netherlands – Kingdom of the Netherlands A UN member state A None Member of the EU.[lower-alpha 3] The Kingdom of the Netherlands includes four areas with substantial autonomy:

Metropolitan Netherlands, Aruba, Curaçao and Sint Maarten form the four constituent countries of the Kingdom. Three overseas parts of the Netherlands (Bonaire, Saba and Sint Eustatius) are special municipalities of metropolitan Netherlands.[lower-alpha 17] The Kingdom of the Netherlands as a whole is a member of the EU, but EU law applies only to parts within Europe.

Flag of New Zealand.svg New Zealand A UN member state A None New Zealand is a Commonwealth realm,[lower-alpha 10] and has one dependent territory and one claimed Antarctic dependent territory:

The New Zealand Government acts for the entire Realm of New Zealand in all international contexts, which has responsibilities for (but no rights of control over) two freely associated states:

The Cook Islands and Niue have diplomatic relations with Загбар:Numrel and Загбар:Numrel UN members respectively.[30][31] They have full treaty-making capacity in the UN,[32] and are members of some UN specialized agencies.

Flag of Nicaragua.svg Nicaragua – Republic of Nicaragua A UN member state A None Nicaragua contains two autonomous regions, Atlántico Sur and Atlántico Norte.[lower-alpha 7]
Flag of Niger.svg Niger – Republic of Niger A UN member state A None
Flag of Nigeria.svg Nigeria – Federal Republic of Nigeria A UN member state A None Nigeria is a federation of 36 states and one federal territory.
ZZZNiue → See Niue listing
ZZZNorth Korea → See Korea, North listing
Загбар:Country data North Macedonia – Republic of North Macedonia[lower-alpha 18] A UN member state A None
ZZZNorthern Cyprus → See Northern Cyprus listing
Flag of Norway.svg Norway – Kingdom of Norway A UN member state A None Norway has two unincorporated areas in Europe:
  •  Svalbard is an integral part of Norway, but has a special status due to the Svalbard Treaty.
  •  Jan Mayen is an uninhabited island that is an integral part of Norway, although unincorporated.

Norway has one dependent territory and two claimed Antarctic dependent territories in the Southern Hemisphere:

Flag of Oman.svg Oman – Sultanate of Oman A UN member state A None
Flag of Pakistan.svg Pakistan – Islamic Republic of Pakistan A UN member state A None Pakistan is a federation of four provinces and one capital territory. Pakistan exercises control over certain portions of Kashmir, but has not officially annexed any of it,[33][34] instead regarding it as a disputed territory.[35][36] The portions that it controls are divided into two territories, administered separately from Pakistan proper:

Azad Kashmir describes itself as a "self-governing state under Pakistani control", while Gilgit-Baltistan is described in its governance order as a group of "areas" with self-government.[37][38][39] These territories are not usually regarded as sovereign, as they do not fulfil the criteria set out by the declarative theory of statehood (for example, their current laws do not allow them to engage independently in relations with other states). Several state functions of these territories (such as foreign affairs and defence) are performed by Pakistan.[38][40][41]

Загбар:Country data Palau – Republic of Palau A UN member state A None Under Compact of Free Association with the United States.
Загбар:Country data State of Palestine – State of Palestine A UN General Assembly observer state; member of 2 UN specialized agencies Partially unrecognised. The State of Palestine, declared in 1988, is not recognised as a state by Israel but has received diplomatic recognition from [[International recognition of Загбар:Numrec/Pal Загбар:Numrec/Pal|Ошибка выражения: неопознанный символ пунктуации «[»]] states.[42] The proclaimed state has no agreed territorial borders, or effective control over much of the territory that it proclaimed.[43] The Palestinian National Authority is an interim administrative body formed as a result of the Oslo Accords that exercises limited autonomous jurisdiction within the Palestinian territories. In foreign relations, Palestine is represented by the Palestine Liberation Organization.[44] The State of Palestine is a member state of UNESCO,[45] UNIDO and other international organizations.[46]
Flag of Panama.svg Panama – Republic of Panama A UN member state A None
Flag of Papua New Guinea.svg Papua New Guinea – Independent State of Papua New Guinea A UN member state A None Papua New Guinea is a Commonwealth realm[lower-alpha 10] with one autonomous region, Bougainville.[lower-alpha 7]
Flag of Paraguay.svg Paraguay – Republic of Paraguay A UN member state A None
Flag of Peru.svg Peru – Republic of Peru A UN member state A None
Flag of the Philippines.svg Philippines – Republic of the Philippines A UN member state A None The Philippines contains one autonomous region, Bangsamoro.[lower-alpha 7]
Flag of Poland.svg Poland – Republic of Poland A UN member state A None Member of the EU.[lower-alpha 3]
Flag of Portugal.svg Portugal – Portuguese Republic A UN member state A None Member of the EU.[lower-alpha 3] Portugal contains two autonomous regions, the Azores and Madeira.[lower-alpha 7]
ZZZPridnestrovie → See Transnistria listing
Flag of Qatar.svg Qatar – State of Qatar A UN member state A None
ZZZRepublic of Korea → See Korea, South listing
ZZZRepublic of the Congo → See Congo, Republic of the listing
Flag of Romania.svg Romania A UN member state A None Member of the EU.[lower-alpha 3]
Flag of Russia.svg Russia – Russian Federation A UN member state A None Russia is a federation of 85 federal subjects (republics, oblasts, krais, autonomous okrugs, federal cities, and an autonomous oblast). Several of the federal subjects are ethnic republics.[lower-alpha 7]
Загбар:Country data Rwanda – Republic of Rwanda A UN member state A None
ZZZSahrawi Arab Democratic Republic → See Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic listing
Загбар:Country data Saint Kitts and Nevis – Federation of Saint Christopher and Nevis A UN member state A None Saint Kitts and Nevis is a Commonwealth realm[lower-alpha 10] and is a federation[lower-alpha 13] of two islands, St. Kitts and Nevis.
Загбар:Country data Saint Lucia A UN member state A None Saint Lucia is a Commonwealth realm.[lower-alpha 10]
Загбар:Country data Saint Vincent and the Grenadines A UN member state A None Saint Vincent and the Grenadines is a Commonwealth realm.[lower-alpha 10]
Загбар:Country data Samoa – Independent State of Samoa A UN member state A None
Flag of San Marino.svg San Marino – Republic of San Marino A UN member state A None
Flag of Sao Tome and Principe.svg São Tomé and Príncipe – Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe A UN member state A None São Tomé and Príncipe contains one autonomous province, Príncipe.[lower-alpha 7]
Flag of Saudi Arabia.svg Saudi Arabia – Kingdom of Saudi Arabia A UN member state A None
Загбар:Country data Senegal – Republic of Senegal A UN member state A None
Flag of Serbia.svg Serbia – Republic of Serbia A UN member state A None Serbia contains two autonomous regions, Vojvodina and Kosovo and Metohija.[lower-alpha 7] The latter is under the de facto control of Kosovo.
Flag of the Seychelles.svg Seychelles – Republic of Seychelles A UN member state A None
Flag of Sierra Leone.svg Sierra Leone – Republic of Sierra Leone A UN member state A None
Flag of Singapore.svg Singapore – Republic of Singapore A UN member state A None
Flag of Slovakia.svg Slovakia – Slovak Republic A UN member state A None Member of the EU.[lower-alpha 3]
Flag of Slovenia.svg Slovenia – Republic of Slovenia A UN member state A None Member of the EU.[lower-alpha 3]
Загбар:Country data Solomon Islands A UN member state A None Solomon Islands is a Commonwealth realm.[lower-alpha 10]
Загбар:Country data Somalia – Federal Republic of Somalia A UN member state A None Somalia is a federation of six states. Two, Puntland and Galmudug, have self-declared autonomy, while one, Somaliland, is de facto independent.
ZZZSomaliland → See Somaliland listing
Flag of South Africa.svg South Africa – Republic of South Africa A UN member state A None
ZZZSouth Korea → See Korea, South listing
ZZZSouth Ossetia → See South Ossetia listing
Загбар:Country data South Sudan – Republic of South Sudan A UN member state A None South Sudan is a federation of 10 states and three administrative areas.
  • The Abyei Area is a zone with "special administrative status" established by the Comprehensive Peace Agreement in 2005. It is de jure a condominium of South Sudan and Sudan, but de facto administered by two competing administrations and the United Nations.[47][48]
Flag of Spain.svg Spain – Kingdom of Spain A UN member state A None Member of the EU.[lower-alpha 3] Spain is divided into 17 autonomous communities and two special autonomous cities.[lower-alpha 7][lower-alpha 19]
Flag of Sri Lanka.svg Sri Lanka – Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka[lower-alpha 20] A UN member state A None
Загбар:Country data Sudan – Republic of the Sudan A UN member state A None Sudan is a federation of 18 states.
  • The Abyei Area is a zone with "special administrative status" established by the Comprehensive Peace Agreement in 2005. It is de jure a condominium of South Sudan and Sudan, but de facto administered by two competing administrations and the United Nations.[47][48]
ZZZSudan, South → See South Sudan listing
Загбар:Country data Suriname – Republic of Suriname A UN member state A None
ZZZSwaziland → See Eswatini listing
Flag of Sweden.svg Sweden – Kingdom of Sweden A UN member state A None Member of the EU.[lower-alpha 3]
Flag of Switzerland.svg Switzerland – Swiss Confederation A UN member state A None Switzerland is a federation of 26 cantons.
Flag of Syria.svg Syria – Syrian Arab Republic A UN member state A None The Syrian National Coalition, which is recognised as the legitimate representative of the Syrian people by 20 UN members, has established an interim government to rule rebel controlled territory during the Syrian civil war. Syria has one self-declared autonomous region: Rojava.
ZZZTaiwan (Republic of China) → See Taiwan listing
Flag of Tajikistan.svg Tajikistan – Republic of Tajikistan A UN member state A None Tajikistan contains one autonomous region, Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Province.[lower-alpha 7]
Flag of Tanzania.svg Tanzania – United Republic of Tanzania A UN member state A None Tanzania contains one autonomous region, Zanzibar.[lower-alpha 7]
Flag of Thailand.svg Thailand – Kingdom of Thailand A UN member state A None
ZZZThe Bahamas → See Bahamas, The listing
ZZZThe Gambia → See Gambia, The listing
ZZZTimor-Leste → See East Timor listing
Flag of Togo.svg Togo – Togolese Republic A UN member state A None
Загбар:Country data Tonga – Kingdom of Tonga A UN member state A None
ZZZTransnistria → See Transnistria listing
Загбар:Country data Trinidad and Tobago – Republic of Trinidad and Tobago A UN member state A None Trinidad and Tobago contains one autonomous region, Tobago.[lower-alpha 7]
Загбар:Country data Tunisia – Republic of Tunisia A UN member state A None
Flag of Turkey.svg Turkey – Republic of Turkey A UN member state A None
Flag of Turkmenistan.svg Turkmenistan – Republic of Turkmenistan A UN member state A None
Загбар:Country data Tuvalu A UN member state A None Tuvalu is a Commonwealth realm.[lower-alpha 10]
Загбар:Country data Uganda – Republic of Uganda A UN member state A None
Flag of Ukraine.svg Ukraine A UN member state A None Ukraine contains one autonomous region, the Autonomous Republic of Crimea,[lower-alpha 7] which is under the de facto control of Russia, along with neighbouring Sevastopol.
Загбар:Country data United Arab Emirates A UN member state A None The United Arab Emirates is a federation of seven emirates.
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom – United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland A UN member state A None The United Kingdom is a Commonwealth realm[lower-alpha 10] consisting of four constituent countries; England, Northern Ireland, Scotland, and Wales. The United Kingdom has the following 13 overseas territories and one claimed Antarctic dependent territory:

The British monarch also has direct sovereignty over three self-governing Crown dependencies:

Flag of the United States.svg United States – United States of America A UN member state A None The United States is a federation of 50 states, one federal district, and one incorporated territory. Additionally, the Federal government of the United States has sovereignty over 13 unincorporated territories. Of these territories, the following five are inhabited possessions:

It also has sovereignty over several uninhabited territories:

It also disputes sovereignty over the following two territories:

Three sovereign states have become associated states of the United States under the Compact of Free Association:

Flag of Uruguay.svg Uruguay – Oriental Republic of Uruguay A UN member state A None
Flag of Uzbekistan.svg Uzbekistan – Republic of Uzbekistan A UN member state A None Uzbekistan contains one autonomous region, Karakalpakstan.[lower-alpha 7]
Загбар:Country data Vanuatu – Republic of Vanuatu A UN member state A None
Flag of the Vatican City.svg Vatican City – Vatican City State A UN General Assembly observer state under the designation of "Holy See"; member of three UN specialized agencies and the IAEA A None Administered by the Holy See, a sovereign entity with diplomatic relations to [[International recognition of Загбар:Numrec/Holy See Загбар:Numrec/Holy See|Ошибка выражения: неопознанный символ пунктуации «[» states]]. This figure consists of Ошибка выражения: неопознанный символ пунктуации «[» UN member states, the Cook Islands, the Republic of China (Taiwan), and the State of Palestine.[49] In addition, the European Union and the Sovereign Military Order of Malta maintain diplomatic relations with the Holy See. The Holy See is a member of the IAEA, ITU, UPU, and WIPO and a permanent observer of the UN (in the category of "Non-member State")[44] and multiple other UN System organizations. The Vatican City is governed by officials appointed by the Pope, who is the Bishop of the Diocese of Rome and ex officio sovereign of Vatican City.
Flag of Venezuela.svg Venezuela – Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela A UN member state A None Venezuela is a federation of 23 states, one capital district, and federal dependencies.
Flag of Vietnam.svg Vietnam – Socialist Republic of Vietnam A UN member state A None
ZZZWestern Sahara → See Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic listing
Flag of Yemen.svg Yemen – Republic of Yemen A UN member state A None
Flag of Zambia.svg Zambia – Republic of Zambia A UN member state A None
Flag of Zimbabwe.svg Zimbabwe – Republic of Zimbabwe A UN member state A None
ZZZUN member states and General Assembly observer states A ZZZ ZZZ
ZZZ AB B
ZZZ↓ Other states ↓ D AAA ZZZ Загбар:Anchor
Flag of Abkhazia.svg Abkhazia – Republic of Abkhazia D No membership Загбар:Claimedby Recognised by Russia, Nauru, Nicaragua, Syria, Venezuela, Artsakh, South Ossetia and Transnistria.[50] Claimed in whole by Georgia as the Autonomous Republic of Abkhazia.
Загбар:Country data Artsakh – Republic of Artsakh[lower-alpha 21] D No membership Загбар:Claimedby A de facto independent state,[51][52][53] recognised only by Abkhazia,[54] South Ossetia[54] and Transnistria.[54][55] Claimed in whole by Azerbaijan.[56]
Загбар:Country data Cook Islands D Member of eight UN specialized agencies A None

(See political status)

A state in free association with New Zealand, Загбар:Numrel. The Cook Islands is a member of multiple UN agencies with full treaty making capacity.[32] It shares a head of state with New Zealand as well as having shared citizenship.
Flag of Kosovo.svg Kosovo – Republic of Kosovo D Member of two UN specialized agencies Загбар:Claimedby Pursuant to United Nations Security Council Resolution 1244, Kosovo was placed under the administration of the United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo in 1999.[57] Kosovo declared independence in 2008, and it has [[International recognition of Загбар:Numrec/Kos Загбар:Numrec/Kos|received diplomatic recognition from Ошибка выражения: неопознанный символ пунктуации «[» UN member states]] and the Republic of China, while 18 states have recognized Kosovo only to later withdraw their recognition.[58] Serbia continues to maintain its sovereignty claim over Kosovo. Other UN member states and non UN member states continue to recognise Serbian sovereignty or have taken no position on the question. Kosovo is a member of the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank Group. The Republic of Kosovo has de facto control over most of the territory, with limited control in North Kosovo.
Загбар:Country data Niue D Member of five UN specialized agencies A None

(See political status)

A state in free association with New Zealand, Загбар:Numrel. Niue is a member of multiple UN agencies with full treaty making capacity.[32] It shares a head of state with New Zealand as well as having shared citizenship.
Flag of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus.svg Northern Cyprus – Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus D No membership Загбар:Claimedby Recognised only by Turkey. Under the name "Turkish Cypriot State", it is an observer state of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation and the Economic Cooperation Organization. Northern Cyprus is claimed in whole by the Republic of Cyprus.[59]
Загбар:Country data Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic D No membership Загбар:Claimedby Recognised at some stage by [[International recognition of Загбар:Numrec/SADR Загбар:Numrec/SADR|Ошибка выражения: неопознанный символ пунктуации «[» UN member states]], Ошибка выражения: неопознанный символ пунктуации «[» of which have since withdrawn or frozen their recognition. It is a founding member of the African Union and the Asian–African Strategic Partnership formed at the 2005 Asian–African Conference. The territories under its control, the so-called Free Zone, are claimed in whole by Morocco as part of its Southern Provinces. In turn, the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic claims the part of Western Sahara to the west of the Moroccan Wall controlled by Morocco. Its government resides in exile in Tindouf, Algeria.
Загбар:Country data Somaliland – Republic of Somaliland D No membership Загбар:Claimedby A de facto independent state,[51][60][61][62][63] not diplomatically recognised by any other state, claimed in whole by the Federal Republic of Somalia.[64]
Загбар:Country data South Ossetia – Republic of South Ossetia–the State of Alania D No membership Загбар:Claimedby A de facto independent state,[65] recognised by Russia, Nicaragua, Nauru, Syria, Venezuela, Abkhazia, Artsakh and Transnistria. Claimed in whole by Georgia as the Provisional Administrative Entity of South Ossetia.[66]
Flag of the Republic of China.svg Taiwan – Republic of China[lower-alpha 22] D No membership Partially unrecognised. Загбар:Claimedby A state competing (nominally) for recognition with the People's Republic of China (PRC) as the government of China since 1949. The Republic of China (ROC) controls the island of Taiwan and associated islands, Quemoy, Matsu, the Pratas and parts of the Spratly Islands, and has not renounced claims over its annexed territories on the mainland.[67] The ROC is recognised by [[International recognition of Загбар:Numrec/ROC Загбар:Numrec/ROC|Ошибка выражения: неопознанный символ пунктуации «[»]] UN member states and the Holy See as of Загбар:Numrec/ROC Загбар:Numrec/ROC Загбар:Numrec/ROC, none of which recognise the PRC. Additionally, one UN member (Bhutan) has refrained from recognising either the ROC or the PRC.

The territory of the ROC is claimed in whole by the PRC.[lower-alpha 23] The ROC participates in international organizations under a variety of pseudonyms, most commonly "Chinese Taipei" and in the WTO it has full membership. The ROC was a founding member of the UN and enjoyed membership from 1945 to 1971, with veto power in the UN Security Council. See China and the United Nations.

Flag of Transnistria.svg Transnistria – Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic D No membership Загбар:Claimedby A de facto independent state,[51] recognised only by Abkhazia, Artsakh and South Ossetia.[50] Claimed in whole by Moldova.[68]
ZZZ↑ Other states ↑ D ZZZ ZZZ
ZZZZ ZZZZ ZZZZ
Загбар:Col-2Legend "Membership within the UN System" column
  UN Member states
  UN General Assembly Observer states
  Member of a UN Specialized Agency
  No membership in the UN System

Загбар:Col-2 Legend "Sovereignty dispute" column

  Undisputed sovereignty
  Sovereignty disputed

Оронууд[заһабарилха | үндэһэн бэшэгые заһабарилха]

Азербайжан  · Арабын Нэгдсэн Эмирт Улс  · Армени  · Афганистан  · Балба  · Бангладеш  · Бахрейн  · Бруней  · Бутан  · Вьетнам  · Гүрж  · Египет  · Зүүн Тимор (Тимор-Лесте)  · Израиль  · Индонез  · Йордан  · Ирак  · Иран  · Йемен  · Казахстан  · Камбож  · Катар  · Кипр  · Кыргызстан  · Кувейт  · Лаос  · Ливан  · Малайз  · Мальдив  · Монгол Улас  · Мьянмар  · Оман  · Оросой холбоото улас  · Узбекистан  · Пакистан  · Саудын Араб  · Сингапур  · Сири  · Хойд Солонгос  · Өмнөд Солонгос  · Тажикистан  · Хитад Улас  · Таиланд  · Туркменистан  · Турк  · Филиппин  · Шри Ланка  · Энэтхэг  · Эсватини  · Жибэн  · Азербайжан  · Албани  · Андорра  · Армен  · Беларусь  · Бельги  · Болгар  · Босни ба Херцеговина  · Ватикан  · Герман  · Грек  · Гүрж  · Дани  · Ирланд  · Исланд  · Испани  · Итали  · Казахстан  · Кипр  · Ород  · Латви  · Литва  · Лихтенштейн  · Люксембург  · Хойто Македони  · Мальта  · Молдав  · Монако  · Монтенегро  · Нидерланд  · Норвеги  · Нэгдсэн Вант Улс  · Польш  · Португал  · Румын  · Сан-Марино  · Серби  · Словак  · Словен  · Турк  · Унгар  · Украйн  · Финланд  · Франц  · Хорват  · Чех  · Швейцари  · Швед  · Эстон  · Амеэрикын Нэгэдэһэн Улас  · Антигуа ба Барбуда  · Багамын арлууд  · Барбадос  · Белиз  · Гайти  · Гватемал  · Гондурас  · Гренада  · Доминика  · Доминиканы Бүгд Найрамдах Улс  · Канад  · Коста-Рика  · Куба  · Мексик  · Никарагуа  · Панам  · Сальвадор  · Сент-Винсент ба Гренадин  · Сент-Китс ба Невис  · Сент-Люси  · Тринидад ба Тобаго  · Ямайк  · Аргентин  · Боливи  · Бразил  · Венесуэл  · Гайана  · Колумб  · Парагвай  · Перу  · Суринам  · Уругвай  · Чили  · Эквадор  · Алжир · Ангол  · Бенин  · Ботсвана  · Буркино-Фасо  · Бурунди  · Габон  · Гамби  · Гана  · Гвиней  · Гвиней-Бисау  · Джибути  · Египет  · Замби  · Зимбабве  · Кабо-Верде  · Камерун  · Кени  · Коморын арлууд  · Конго  · Ардчилсан Конго  · Кот д'Ивуар  · Лесото  · Либери  · Ливи  · Маврикий  · Мавритан  · Мадагаскар  · Малави  · Мали  · Марокко  · Мозамбик  · Намиби  · Нигер  · Нигери  · Өмнөд Африк  · Өмнөд Судан  · Руанда  · Сан-Томе ба Принсип  · Сейшелийн арлууд  · Сенегал  · Сомали  · Судан  · Сьерра-Леоне  · Танзани  · Того  · Тунис  · Төв Африк  · Уганда  · Чад  · Экваторын Гвиней  · Эритрей  · Этиоп  · Австрали  · Вануату  · Кирибати  · Маршаллын арлууд  · Микронези  · Науру  · Палау  · Папуа-Шинэ Гвиней  · Самоа  · Соломоны арлууд  · Тонга  · Тувалу  · Фижи  · Шэнэ Зеланд

Холбооһон[заһабарилха | үндэһэн бэшэгые заһабарилха]


  1. Press Release ORG/1469 (3 July 2006). United Nations Member States. United Nations.
  2. "Taliban announce new government for Afghanistan", BBC News, 7 September 2021 
  3. 3,0 3,1 "U.N. Seats Denied, for Now, to Afghanistan’s Taliban and Myanmar’s Junta", nytimes, 1 December 2021 
  4. "Andorra country profile", BBC News 
  5. Pakistan Worldview, Report 21, Visit to Azerbaijan. Senate of Pakistan Foreign Relations Committee (2008).
  6. Nilufer Bakhtiyar: "For Azerbaijan Pakistan does not recognise Armenia as a country" Архивировалһан 13 найма һара 2011 оной. 13 September 2006 [14:03] – Today.Az
  7. "Pakistan the only country not recognizing Armenia – envoy", News.Az, 5 February 2014 "We are the only country not recognizing Armenia as a state." 
  8. Bahamas, The | The Commonwealth (en) (15 August 2013).
  9. Stjepanović, Dejan (2015). «Dual Substate Citizenship as Institutional Innovation: The Case of Bosnia's Brčko District». Nationalism and Ethnic Politics 21 (4): 382–383. Загбар:DOI. ISSN 1353-7113.
  10. Andreas S. Kakouris. "Cyprus is not at peace with Turkey", CNN, 9 July 2010 "Turkey stands alone in violation of the will of the international community. It is the only country to recognize the "TRNC" and is the only country that does not recognize the Republic of Cyprus and its government." 
  11. Home Rule Act of the Faroe Islands : No. 137 of March 23, 1948.
  12. The Greenland Home Rule Act : Act No. 577 of 29 November 1978.
  13. (1927) “Rotuma Act”, Laws of Fiji, 1978, Government of Fiji. 
  14. Government of Fiji, Office of the Prime Minister (1978). Chapter 122: Rotuma Act. Laws of Fiji. University of the South Pacific.
  15. The Gambia profile (14 February 2018).
  16. Constitution of Greece, Art. 105.
  17. Iceland - Culture, History, & People.
  18. Working Paper No. 54 : UNGEGN list of country names (Prepared by the United Nations Group of Experts on Geographical Names) (May 2011).
  19. Hvert er formlegt heiti landsins okkar?.
  20. Iraqi constitution Архивировалһан 18 таба һара 2016 оной.
  21. Daly, Mary E. (January 2007). «The Irish Free State/Éire/Republic of Ireland/Ireland: "A Country by Any Other Name"?». Journal of British Studies (Cambridge University Press on behalf of The North American Conference on British Studies) 46: 72–90. Загбар:DOI.
  22. Basic Law: Jerusalem, Capital of Israel.
  23. Disputes: International. CIA World Factbook.
  24. Bell, Abraham (28 January 2008). International Law and Gaza: The Assault on Israel's Right to Self-Defense. Jerusalem Issue Brief, Vol. 7, No. 29. Jerusalem Center for Public Affairs.
  25. Salih, Zak M. (17 November 2005). Panelists Disagree Over Gaza's Occupation Status. University of Virginia School of Law.
  26. Israel: 'Disengagement' Will Not End Gaza Occupation. Human Rights Watch (29 October 2004).
  27. Sanger, Andrew (2011). «The Contemporary Law of Blockade and the Gaza Freedom Flotilla». Yearbook of International Humanitarian Law 2010 (Springer Science & Business Media) 13. Загбар:DOI. “It is this direct external control over Gaza and indirect control over life within Gaza that has led the United Nations, the UN General Assembly, the UN Fact Finding Mission to Gaza, International human rights organisations, US Government websites, the UK Foreign and Commonwealth Office and a significant number of legal commentators, to reject the argument that Gaza is no longer occupied.”* Scobbie, Iain (2012). Elizabeth Wilmshurst: International Law and the Classification of Conflicts. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-965775-9. “Even after the accession to power of Hamas, Israel's claim that it no longer occupies Gaza has not been accepted by UN bodies, most States, nor the majority of academic commentators because of its exclusive control of its border with Gaza and crossing points including the effective control it exerted over the Rafah crossing until at least May 2011, its control of Gaza's maritime zones and airspace which constitute what Aronson terms the 'security envelope' around Gaza, as well as its ability to intervene forcibly at will in Gaza.” 
  28. Treaty on Basic Relations between Japan and the Republic of Korea.
  29. Keun Min. Greetings. Jeju Special Self-Governing Province.
  30. Federal Foreign Office of Germany (November 2009). Beziehungen zu Deutschland. Government of Germany. For more information, see Foreign relations of the Cook Islands.
  31. Republic of Nauru Permanent Mission to the United Nations. Foreign Affairs. United Nations.
  32. 32,0 32,1 32,2 Article 102, Repertory of Practice of United Nations Organs, Supplement No. 8, Volume VI (1989–1994).
  33. Constitution of Pakistan, Art. 1.
  34. Aslam, Tasnim. "Pakistan Does Not Claim Kashmir As An Integral Part...", The Outlook Group, 11 December 2006 
  35. Williams, Kristen P. (2001). Despite nationalist conflicts: theory and practice of maintaining world peace. Greenwood Publishing Group, 154–155. ISBN 978-0-275-96934-9. 
  36. Pruthi, R.K. (2001). An Encyclopaedic Survey Of Global Terrorism In 21St Century. Anmol Publications Pvt. Ltd., 120–121. ISBN 978-81-261-1091-9. 
  37. Archived copy.
  38. 38,0 38,1 To Be Published In The Next Issue Of The.
  39. AJ&K History.
  40. (2014-04-08) Political Handbook of the World 2014. ISBN 9781483333281. 
  41. The Azad Jammu And Kashmir Interim Constitution Act, 1974 (PDF).
  42. Palestine Liberation Organization. Road For Palestinian Statehood: Recognition and Admission. Negotiations Affairs Department.
  43. See the following on statehood criteria:
  44. 44,0 44,1 Non-member States and Entities. United Nations (29 February 2008).
  45. United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. Arab States: Palestine. United Nations.
  46. The Palestinians: Background and U.S. Relations 40–41. Congressional Research Service (18 March 2021).
  47. 47,0 47,1 Statement from UNISFA on the recent spate of attacks in Abyei (18 October 2017).
  48. 48,0 48,1 Abyei Administration Area Changes Name (29 July 2015).
  49. Bilateral relations of the Holy See. Holy See website.
  50. 50,0 50,1 Error on call to Template:cite web: Parameters url and title must be specified (ru). newsru.com (17 November 2006).
  51. 51,0 51,1 51,2 (2012) The Foreign Policy of Counter Secession: Preventing the Recognition of Contested States. Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780199698394. “In addition to the four cases of contested statehood described above, there are three other territories that have unilaterally declared independence and are generally regarded as having met the Montevideo criteria for statehood but have not been recognized by any states: Transnistria, Nagorny Karabakh, and Somaliland.” 
  52. Krüger, Heiko (2010). The Nagorno-Karabakh Conflict: A Legal Analysis. Springer. ISBN 978-3-642-11787-9. 
  53. Nikoghosyan, Hovhannes. "Kosovo ruling implications for Armenia and Azerbaijan", Hareyan Publishing, LLC, August 2010 
  54. 54,0 54,1 54,2 Вице-спикер парламента Абхазии: Выборы в НКР соответствуют всем международным стандартам Архивировалһан 11 найма һара 2011 оной.: "Абхазия, Южная Осетия, НКР и Приднестровье уже давно признали независимость друг друга и очень тесно сотрудничают между собой", – сказал вице-спикер парламента Абхазии. ... "...Абхазия признала независимость Нагорно-Карабахской Республики..." – сказал он."
  55. In detail: The foreign policy of Pridnestrovie. Pridnestrovie (26 May 2010).
  56. Regions and territories: Nagorno-Karabakh Архивировалһан 23 найма һара 2007 оной. (17 January 2006). BBC News. Retrieved 17 January 2006.
  57. United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo.
  58. "Sijera Leone je 18. država koja je povukla priznanje tzv. Kosova" − http://www.mfa.gov.rs/
  59. The World Factbook|Cyprus (10 January 2006). Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 17 January 2006.
  60. (2010) «Self-Determination, Sovereignty, and the Failure of States: Somaliland and the Case for Justified Secession». Minnesota Journal of International Law (University of Minnesota Law School) 19:2: 380–381. “Considering each of these factors, Somaliland has a colorable argument that it meets the theoretical requirements of statehood. ... On these bases, Somaliland appears to have a strong claim to statehood.”
  61. International Crisis Group (23 May 2006). «Somaliland: Time for African Union leadership». The Africa Report (Groupe Jeune Afrique) (110): 10–13.
  62. (September 2009) «The political development of Somaliland and its conflict with Puntland». ISS Paper (Institute for Security Studies) (200).
  63. «De Facto Statehood? The Strange Case of Somaliland». Yale Journal of International Affairs (International Affairs Council at Yale) (Spring/Summer 2008): 1–79.
  64. Somaliland profile (14 December 2017).
  65. Jansen, Dinah (2009). «The Conflict between Self-Determination and Territorial Integrity: the South Ossetian Paradigm». Geopolitics Vs. Global Governance: Reinterpreting International Security (Centre for Foreign Policy Studies, University of Dalhousie): 222–242.
  66. "Russia condemned for recognizing rebel regions", Cable News Network, 26 August 2008 
  67. "Ma refers to China as ROC territory in magazine interview", Taipei Times, 8 October 2008 
  68. Regions and territories: Trans-Dniester


Ошибка цитирования Для существующих тегов <ref> группы «lower-alpha» не найдено соответствующего тега <references group="lower-alpha"/>